Kondrashin Viktor Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of Russian history, regional ethnography and history teaching methods, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Kornilov Gennady Egorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of the sector of economic history, Institute of History and Archaeology of Ural Branch of RAS (16 Sofyi Kovalevskoy street, Ekaterinburg, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Melnikov Nikita Nikolaevich, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, senior staff scientist, Institute of History and Archaeology of Ural Branch of RAS (16 Sofyi Kovalevskoy street, Ekaterinburg, Russia), email@example.com
Mozokhin Oleg Borisovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, Institute of Russian History of RAS
(19 D. Ulyanova street, Moscow, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. In Soviet times, all the archival materials on the military industry of USSR were closed to researchers. A large number of archival documents have re-cently been declassified. It is possible to introduce new documents into scientific circulation. Thus, now, historians can study the process of formation and development of the tank industry of the Soviet Union in the era of industrialization at a higher quality level. The purpose of the work is to consider the history of creation and development of mass production of Soviet tanks from early 1930s till the start of the Great Patriotic War.
Materials and methods. The study was carried out on the basis of unpublished documents from the Archives of the President of the Russian Federation, the Russian State Archive of Economics, the United State Archive of the Chelyabinsk region. A special place in the study was given to the published collection of documents of the series “History and development of the military-industrial complex of Russia and the USSR. 1900–1963”. The problem-chronological method revealed the origins of the key trends and contradictions in the process of implementation of the tank production program, which was being revealed in historical sequence against the general historical background. The principle of objectivity and dialectical understanding of the process of historical development, the recognition of causal regularities of events and phenomena, the important role of the subjective factor in history and a comprehensive approach to the subject allowed the authors to study the formation of the Soviet military-defense complex and tank building.
Results. The main problems of the young Soviet tank industry in the years of Stalin’s industrialization have been displayed by the example of the medium tank T-28 production launch.
Conclusions. The Soviet government really wanted to be armed with a lot of military vehicles. But it did not give due regard to the adoption of new tanks. Therefore, by the mid 1941 there emerged a situation, when the targets, set before the tank industry, couldn’t have been met in full.
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